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当前位置:首页  >  新闻中心  >  模拟考试 - 英语

高职高考英语-【连词】

作者:管理员 发表时间:2017-08-30 16:02:16 阅读: 69

高职高考英语-【连词】


 高职高考英语-【连词】

连词是一种在句子与句子之间,短语之间以及名词等其他词语之间起连接作用的词。它不能单独作句子的成份。按其意义可分为并列连词和从属连词两大类。

连词就像英语的骨架一样重要,学会了连词,你就可以轻松灵活的造出任何需要的长句。

语有48万6000个左右的单词,而连接词却只有70个左右,它们总是非常高频率的出现在各类文章、对话、电邮等英语实际沟通中,像胶水一样将相关联的句子连接起来,国际心理学家、语言学家、教育家Chris Lonsdale 龙飞虎又把它称之为“胶水词”。

【连词大全】

下面让我们来熟悉一下常用的英语连接词包括哪些:

(1)表示承接的过渡词:also,and,and then,too,in addition,furthermore,moreover,what's more, again,on top of that,another,first,second,third等。

(2)表示时间顺序的过渡词:now,then,before,after,afterwards,earlier,later,immediately,soon,next,in a few days,gradually,suddenly,finally··等。(但是你可以感受到这些词是副词,所以原词条对于“连接词”即连词是错误的)

(3)表示空间顺序的过渡词:near(to),far(from),in front of,behind,beside,beyond,above,below,to the right/left,around,outside等。

(4)表示比较的过渡词:in the same way,just like,just as等。

(5)表示转折的过渡词:but,still,yet,however,nevertheless,nonetheless,on the contrary,in spite of/ in spite of the fact that,even though,although,despite / despite the fact that等。

(6)一方面,另一方面:on the one hand,on the other hand,for one thing,for another等。

(7)表示结果和原因的过渡词:because,since,so,as a result,therefore,then,furthermore,thus,otherwise等。(as a result ,therefore, thus并不是连词而是介词,尤其是thus,虽然有连词的用法,但是不常用)

(8)表示目的的过渡词:for this reason,for this purpose,so that等。

(9)表示强调的过渡词:in fact,indeed,surely,necessarily,certainly,without any doubt,truly,to repeat,above all,most important等。

(10)表示解释说明的过渡词:for example,in fact,in this case,for actually, for instance等。

(11)表示总结的过渡词:in a word,above all,,all in all,finally,at last,in conclusion,as I have shown,in another word,in brief,in short,in general,on the whole,as has been stated,last but not least等。


【注意以下过渡词的用法】


1、表示时间的

af first 起初, next 接下来, then 然后, after that 那以后, later 后来, soon 不久, soon/shortly after ……之后不久, finally 最后, in the end 最后, eventually 最终, at last 终于, lately 近来, recently 最近,

since then 自从那时起, after that 那以后, in no time 不一会儿, after a while 一会儿, afterward 后来,

to begin/start with=in the first place 首先、第·一点, immediately 立即、马上, meanwhile=in the meantime=at the same time 在此期间、同时, earlier, until now 直到现在, suddenly=all of a sudden 突然, as a young man 当…… 是个年轻人的时候, at the age of… 在……岁的时候,as early as 早……的时候, as soon as 一……就…,… before, the other day 几天前, early in the morning 大清早,

after/before dark 天黑后/前, one day 有一天, one afternoon 一天下午, one morning 一天早晨


2、表示空间的

to the right/left 朝右/左 on the rinht/left 在右/左边 in the middle of 在中间 in front of 在前面

in the front of 在前面 at the back of 在后面 at the bottom of 在底部 on the edge of 在……的边上

on top of 在……的顶部 opposite to 与……相对 close to 靠近 near to 在……附近

next to 与……相邻 under 垂直在下 over 垂直在上 below 在下方 above 在上方 across 在……的另一边 around 在周围 behind 在后 before 在前 against 靠着、抵着 further on 再往前


3、表示列举和时序

first, second, third…finally

firstly, secondly, thirdly…finally

first of all, next then, lastly

for one thing…for another…

at the same time

at first

at last


4、表示列举

for example 例如:……

namely 即……

for instance 例如:……

that is (to say) 也就是说

such as 如……

take…for example 拿……来说

like 像……


5、表示比较或对比

like 像

unlike 不像

similarly 同样地

in the same way 以相同的方式

compared to 与……相比

while 而

still=nevertheless 然而

on the contrary 正相反

different from 与……不同

on (the) one hand…on the other hand 一方面……另一方面

in contrast with 与……成对比


6、表示增补

and 而且

both…and 不但……而且

not only…but also 不但……而且

as well as 不但……而且

also=besides=furthermore=more over 此外、而且

in addition 并且

apart from 除了……之外

what's more 而且、更重要的

for another 另一方面

worse still=what's worse=to make matter worse 更糟糕的是

including 包括


7、表示因果

because 因为 since 既然 as 由于 now that 既然 therefore 因此 thus 这样 so 所以

as a result (of) 结果 because of=on account of 因为 thanks to 多亏

for this reason 由于这个原因 if so 如果这样 if not 如果不是这样


8、表示目的

for this purpose

in order to do

so as to do

so that…

in order that…


9、表示让步

though/although

no matter+疑问句

in spite of

whatever/however/whoever

even if/ even though


10、表示递进或强调

besides 况且

what's more 更重要地是

thus 这样

above all 首先

indeed 的确

in fact/ as a matter of fact 事实上

in other words 换句话说

in that case 那样的话

or rather 更确切地说

particularly 特别地


11、表示转折

but 但是

still 然而

however 然而

while 而


12、表示总结

in a/one word 简言之、一句话、总之

generally speaking 一般说来

in short=in a few words 简言之

in conclusion=lastly 最后地

on the whole=taking everything into consideration 从总体来看、大体上

so 所以

therefore 因此

thus 这样

as has been mentioned 正如所提到的

it is quite clear that 很显然

there is no doubt that 毫无疑问

it is well-known that 大家都知道

as we all know=as is known

to us all 大家都知道

as/so far as I know 据我所知

to sum up=to summarize=in summary 总之


13、表示转折话题

by the way 顺便说

I am afraid 我恐怕

in my opinion 依我看来

to tell the truth 说实话

to be honest 诚实地说

in face 事实上

【解析】

1.表示“添加”的有and,both...and...,not only...but also...等。在运用这些连词时应注意以下几点:

(1)在否定句中列举并列成份不用and,而要用or。如:

He can’ t read or write.他不会读书和写字。

There’ s no air or water there.那里没有空气和水。

有时也可以用and no来表示。如:

There’ s no air and no water there.那里没有空气和水。

(2)在“祈使句+and+简单句(一般将来时)”结构中祈使句表示条件,相当于if引导的条件句,整个句子可以改为含if的复合句。如:

Now stop blowing and you’ ll find the glass clear again.

   =If you stop blowing,you’ ll find the glass clear again.

   现在停止吹气,你就会发现玻璃又干净了。

(3)not only...but also...并列两个名词或代词,可以作主语、宾语、谓语、表语等。如:

Not only children but also adults are fond of the cartoon named the Lion King.

不仅小孩而且大人喜欢《狮子王》这部卡通片。(作主语)

She can speak not only English but also French.

她不但会说英语也会说法语。(作宾语)

The pianist not only gave them a lot of advice but also played some wonderful pieces for them.

    那位钢琴家不仅给他们一些指导而且还亲自为他们弹奏一些精彩的曲子。(作谓语)

She is not only our teacher but also our friend.

    她不仅是我们的老师也是我们的朋友。(作表语)

2.表示“选择”关系的连词有or,neither...nor...,either...or...等。如:

Hurry up,or we can’t catch up with the first bus.

赶快,否则我们会赶不上第·一班车。

It is either too cold or too hot here.

这里不是太冷就是太热。

The ground must be just right—neither too wet nor too dry.

土壤必须正合适—既不太湿也不太干。

注意:either...or...表示在两者之间进行选择;而neither...nor...表示对两者的否定,句中不可再用否定词not或no,其对应结构是both...and...。当either...or...或neither...nor...

并列两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词在人称和数上与最靠近的那个主语保持一致。如:

Either you or Ann is going to Shanghai.Either Ann or you are going to Shanghai.

要么你要么安妮去上海。

Neither he nor I have seen the film.Neither I nor he has seen the film.

我和他都没有看过这部电影。

1.when,while,before,after,as soon as,until,since等,引导时间状语从句。如:

When the teacher came in,Jim was drawing a horse on the blackboard.

老师进来的时候,吉姆正在黑板上画一匹马。

While they were sweeping the floor,the bell rang.

他们正在扫地的时候铃响了。

2.because,as,since等引导原因状语从句。如:

I stayed at home yesterday because it rained heavily.

我昨天呆在家里是因为雨下得很大。

I must stop writing now,as I have rather a lot of work to do.

我现在必须停笔了,因为我有很多工作要做。

Since a lot of people make mistakes in life,Mr Smith wanted to give John a chance.

既然许多人一生中都会犯错误,史密斯先生要给约翰一次改过的机会。